Research

Forensic science faculty at SHSU have a long-standing history of collaboration with other academic institutions, instrument and kit manufacturers, innovators, policy makers, and operational laboratories at the state, local and federal level. Academic-industrial partnerships contribute to the future success of the profession, and addresses the delicate balance of resources that exists within publicly-funded forensic science service providers.

Our research spans diverse fields of study including forensic biology, controlled substances, toxicology, trace evidence, questioned documents, forensic botany, medicolegal death investigation, forensic anthropology, disaster victim identification, forensic chemistry, pattern evidence, crime scene investigation, machine learning, informatics and more. To discuss a research opportunities for laboratories or corporate partners, please contact us by email or by phone.

The Southeast Texas Applied Forensic Science (STAFS) Facility is a willed-body donor center that is recognized by the Texas Anatomical Board. We are dedicated to providing research opportunities for local, national and international investigators pursuing research that benefits forensic science, law enforcement, as well as the broader scientific community. Resources available for research include a secure 2-acre outdoor decomposition facility for field work and taphonomic research, a diverse skeletal collection, and a BSL-2 certified laboratory for biological sample preparation.

SHSU is also participates in the Center for Advanced Research in Forensic Science (CARFS), an IUCRC (Industry/University Cooperative Research Center) of the National Science Foundation.

Links to recent publication of our faculty and students can be found below:

Recent Faculty and Student Publications

2022

Damani Johnson, Ryan Gutierrez, Danielle Boisvert and Rachel Houston. Exploring Environmental and Genetic Influences on Substance Abuse Behavior. Proceedings from the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences (Mar 2022).

Madeline Roman, Ryan Gutierrez and Rachel Houston. Massively Parallel Sequencing of Cannabis sativa Chloroplast Hotspots for Forensic Typing. Journal of Cannabis Research, Epub ahead of print: DOI: 10.1186/s42238-022-00123-2 (Mar 2022).

Tim Kalafut, Jo-Anne Bright, Duncan Taylor and John Buckleton. Investigation into the Effect of Mixtures Comprising Related People on Non-donor Likelihood Ratios, and Potential Practices to Mitigate Providing Misleading Opinions. Forensic Science International: Genetics, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2022.102691 (Mar 2022).

Ting-Yu Huang and Jorn Chi Chung Yu. New Framework to Support Headspace Chemical Forensics using Wavelet Scalogram Visualization of Mass Spectrometry Data and Transfer Learning. Proceedings from the American Chemical Society (Mar 2022).

Andra Lewis and Patrick Buzzini. The Impact of Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation and Plane Polarized Light (PPL) Microspectrophotometry (MSP) in the Characterization and Differentiation of Deeply Colored Automotive Fibers. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Cesar Cantu, Sibyl Bucheli and Rachel Houston. A Comparison of DNA Extraction Techniques for the Recovery of Bovine DNA from Fly Larvae Crops. Journal of Forensic Science, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.15010 (Feb 2022).

Cesar Cantu, Sibyl Bucheli and Rachel Houston. A Comparison of DNA Extraction Techniques for the Recovery of Bovine DNA from Maggot Crops. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Christina Smith and Madeleine Swortwood. An Analysis of Methylphenidate, Ethylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine, and Amphetamine in Oral Fluid by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Clarra Moore and Patrick Buzzini. Hyperspectral Imaging and Gray Value Analysis of Porous-Tipped Pen Samples Composed of Unknown Inks. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Damani Johnson and Tim Kalafut. The Effect of Pull-Up on the Allele Peak Heights and the Weights of Genotypes for Minor Donors. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Geraldine Monjardez, Erin Bruner, Rajesh Balaraman and Patrick Buzzini. The Detection of Animal Blood Using Green Synthesized Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy (SERS). Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Glendon Parker, Jennifer Snedeker, Trevor Borja and Rachel Houston. Proteomic Genotyping in Compromised Skeletal Remains. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Grace Rutledge, Aaron Lynne, Rachel Houston and Sheree Hughes. Evaluating the Effectiveness of Microbial DNA Extraction Kits for Intimate Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Heather Deel, Alexandra Emmons, Jennifer Kiely, Franklin Damann, David Carter, Aaron Lynne, Rob Knight, Zhenjiang Xu, Sibyl Bucheli and Jessica Metcalf. A Pilot Study of Microbial Succession in Human Rib Skeletal Remains During Terrestrial Decomposition. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

James Miller, Kay McClain, Charles Cline, Ya-Chih Cheng and Sarah Kerrigan. A Retrospective Review of Hemp/Marijuana Decision Point Assays in Operational Laboratories. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Jared Estevanes, Rajesh Balaraman, Patrick Buzzini and Geraldine Monjardez. A Microscopical Examination and Elemental Analysis of Automotive Lubricating Greases. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Jared Sharp and J. Tyler Davidson. Identifying the Similarity Between In-Source Collision-Induced Dissociation (IS-CID) Fragment Ion Spectra and Tandem Mass Spectrometry (MS/MS) Product Ion Spectra for Seized Drug Identifications. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Jennifer Snedeker, David Russell, Michelle Peck, Amy Holmes, Elayna Ciuzio, Christina Neal, Carmen Reedy, Sheree Hughes and Rachel Houston. The Optimization of the InnoXtract™ Extraction and Purification System for DNA Extraction from Skeletal Samples and Analysis of Subsequent Downstream Processing Methods. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Jessica Ayala, Sarah Kerrigan, Vadim Kalmeyer, Bjorn Ogren, Peter Stone and Karen Yannell. The Application of All Ions Data Acquisition and SureMass Quantitative Data Analysis for Comprehensive Drug Screening Detection in Whole Blood. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Kari Graham and Rachel Houston. An Evaluation of Chloroplast DNA Barcoding Markers to Individualize Papaver Somniferum for Forensic Intelligence Purposes. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Kayli Carrillo, Alexis Moser and Jennifer Turner. An Internal Validation Study of the TopMatch 3D Scanner for Cartridge Cases. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Kintress Watson, Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Fentanyl Analogs in Dried Plasma Spots (DPS): A Novel Technique. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Lauryn Alexander, Oriana Ovide, Olivia Duffett, Andra Lewis-Krick, Patrick Buzzini and Tatiana Trejos. A Comparative Study on the Background Presence of Glass and Paint in Various Populations and Seasons in the United States. Proceedings of the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Lucio Avellaneda, Ryan Gutierrez and Rachel Houston. The Forensic Utility of the ForenSeq™ MainstAY Kit with Challenging Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Natalia Czado and Sheree Hughes. The Quantification of Metal Ions Recovered During DNA Analysis of Brass Ammunition Using Inductively Coupled Plasma/Optical Emission Spectrometer (ICP/OES). Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Patrick Buzzini, Sheila Willis, Rebecca Bucht and Michelle Miranda. Reclaiming Forensic Science: A Closer Look at the Sydney Declaration. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Michelle Peck, Stephen Turner, V. Peter Nagraj, David Russell, Jessica Bouchet, Amy Holmes, Rachel Houston, Jennifer Snedeker, Carmen Reedy and Christina Neal. Internal Validation of the ForenSeq™ Kintellignece Kit for Application to Forensic Genetic Genealogy Cases. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Rachel Houston, Timothy Kalafut and Ryan Gutierrez. The Detection and Analysis of DNA Mixtures with the MiSeq® FGx™. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Ruby Liliedahl and Tifani Parker. The Effects of Storage Time, Adverse Storage Conditions, and Lab Exposure on Blood Alcohol Concentrations. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Samantha Davis, Julia Wang, Rachel Houston, Sheree Hughes, Brandan Chapman and Andrew Currie. Magnetic Bead Capture of Sperm Cells by Sperm-Specific Antibodies. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Sophia Mavroudas, Downie Steadman, Katie Zedjlik, Daniel Wescott, Timothy Gocha, Sheree Hughes, Gretchen Dabbs, Melissa Connor, Jodie Ward, Erin Kimmerle, Jane Harris, Shari Forbes and Anthony Falsetti. 50 Years of Taphonomic Research: From Death's Acre to a Global Footprint. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Tim Kalafut, Jo-Anne Bright, Duncan Taylor and John Buckleton. Interpreting DNA Mixtures with Extreme Allele Overlap. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Ting-Yu Huang and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. The Classification of Cannabis Varieties Through Headspace Chemical Analysis and Transfer Learning. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Ya-Chih Cheng, Rachel Houston, Sarah Kerrigan and Madeline Roman. The Evaluation of Cannabinoid Synthase Polymorphisms for Distinguishing Between Marijuana and Hemp. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

Ya-Chih Cheng and Sarah Kerrigan. Factors Influencing the In Situ Formation of Psychoactive Cannabinoids from Cannabidiol During Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS) Analysis. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2022).

2021

Andra Lewis and Patrick Buzzini. The Differentiation of Dark Colored Automotive Carpet Fibers using Plane-Polarized Light Ultraviolet-Visible Microspectrophotometry. Proceedings from the Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists (Nov 2021).

Jessica Ayala and Sarah Kerrigan. High Resolution Mass Spectrometry Screening in Impaired Driving Investigations. Proceedings from the Northeastern Association of Forensic Scientists (Nov 2021).

Michelle Harrel, Madeline Ashton and Sheree Hughes. Bones: STR Workflows, DNA Extraction with a Twist…and Quite a Bit More. Proceedings from the Bode Conference (Oct 2021).

Tim Kalafut, Simone Pugh, Peter Gill, Sarah Abbas, Marie Semaan, Issam Mansour, James Curran, Jo-Anne Bright, Tacha Hicks, Richard Wivell and John Buckleton. A Mixed DNA Profile Controversy Revisited. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.111/1556-4029.14912 (Oct 2021).

Sun Yi Li, Madeleine Swortwood and Jorn Chi Chung Yu. Determination of Morphine, Codeine, and Thebaine Concentrations from Poppy Seed Tea using Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes Facilitated Dispersive Micro-Solid Phase Extraction and GC-MS Analysis. Forensic Science International, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.111052 (Oct 2021).

Badiah Hannon, Rachel Houston and Tim Kalafut. Examining Partition Efficiency of Cell Types Following QIAcube/EZ1® Advanced XL Differential Extraction. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2021).

Christina Smith and Madeleine Swortwood. Long- And Short-Term Stability of Methylphenidate and Its Metabolites in Blood. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2021).

Jessica Ayala and Sarah Kerrigan. Comprehensive Drug Screening Using Supported Liquid Extraction and Liquid Chromatography Quadrupole Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2021).

Lucio Avellaneda, Ryan Gutierrez and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of the ForenSeq MainstAY Kit with Challenging Samples. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2021).

Sun Yi Li, Christina Smith, Sarah Bartock, Leland McClure, Les Edinboro and Madeleine Swortwood. Evaluation of EtG and EtS Alcohol Markers in Urine and Oral Fluid After Hard Kombucha Consumption. Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2021).

Coral Loockerman, Brittanie Miller, Rebecca Ramsey, Sheree Hughes and Rachel Houston. Collection and Storage of DVI Samples with microFLOQ® Direct Swabs for Direct Amplification. Forensic Science International: Genetics, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2021.102588 (Aug 2021).

Michelle Harrel, Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Amy Holmes, Ryan Gutierrez and Sheree Hughes. The Performance of Quality Controls in the Investigator Quantiplex Pro RGQ and Investigator®24plex STR Kits with a Variety of Forensic Samples. Forensic Science International: Genetics, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.fsigen.2021.102586 (Aug 2021).

Carrie Polston, David Thompson and Patrick Buzzini. Technical Note: The Assessment of the Impact of Induction Spatial Effects on Magnetic Flux Measurements of Toner-printed Documents to the Detection of Forged or Altered Documents. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Epub ahead of print DOI:10.1111/1556-4029.14786 (Jul 2021).

Jared Estevanes, Rajesh Balaraman and Geraldine Monjardez. Development of an Extraction Method for the Elemental Analysis of Microscopic Particles in Automotive Greases using SEM/EDS. Proceedings from the Center for Forensic Research and Education's Online Trace Symposium (Jul 2021).

Jennifer Snedeker, Sheree Hughes and Rachel Houston. Optimization of InnoXtract™ Extraction and Purification System for DNA Extraction from Skeletal Samples. Proceedings from the Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (Jul 2021).

J. Tyler Davidson. The Influence of Chemical Modifications on the Fragmentation of Fentanyl Analogs. Proceedings from the American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors Forensic Research Committee Lightning Talks (Jul 2021).

Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Quantification of Fentanyl Analogs in Oral Fluid using LC-QTOF-MS. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.14813 (Jul 2021).

Lucio Avellaneda, Ryan Gutierrez and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of the ForenSeq MainstAY Kit with Challenging Samples. Proceedings from the Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (Jul 2021).

Amanda D’Orazio, Amanda Mohr, Ayako Chan-Hosokawa, Curt Harper, Marilyn Huestis, Jennifer Limoges, Amy Miles, Colleen Scarneo, Sarah Kerrigan, Laura Liddicoat, Karen Scott and Barry Logan. Recommendations for Toxicological Investigation of Drug-Impaired Driving and Motor Vehicle Fatalities—2021 Update. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkab064 (Jun 2021).

Christina Smith and Madeleine Swortwood. Short- and Long-Term Stability of Methylphenidate and its Metabolites in Blood. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkab063 (Jun 2021).

Jennifer Snedeker, Sheree Hughes and Rachel Houston. Optimization of InnoXtract™ Extraction and Purification System for DNA Extraction from Skeletal Samples. Proceedings from the Qiagen Investigator Forum (Jun 2021).

Sun Yi Li, Jennifer Turner, Scott Golightly, Pamela Zelbst and Jorn Yu. Potential Impacts of 3D Modeling and 3D Printing in Firearm Toolmark Examinations. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.14790 (Jun 2021).

Ting-Yu Huang and Jorn Chi Chung Yu. Development of Crime Scene Intelligence Using a Hand-Held Raman Spectrometer and Transfer Learning. Journal of Analytical Chemistry, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1021/acs.analchem.1c01099 (Jun 2021).

Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Long-Term Stability of 13 Fentanyl Analogs in Blood. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkab051 (May 2021).

Ryan Gutierrez, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. Novel Extraction Chemistry and Alternative Amplification Strategies for Use with Rootless Hair Shafts. Journal of Forensic Sciences, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.14763 (May 2021).

Sarah Kerrigan and Stephanie Basiliere. Kratom: A Systematic Review of Toxicological Issues. WIREs Forensic Science, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1420 (May 2021).

Carrie Polston, Yuriy Agalidy, Arif Mamedov and Patrick Buzzini. Technical Note: A Preliminary Evaluation of a Method for the Examination of Text Substitutions using Magneto-optical Measurements. Forensic Science International, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2021.110776 (Apr 2021).

Jennifer Snedeker, Trevor Borja, Rachel Houston and Glendon Parker. Application of Proteomic Genotyping to Forensic Science Applications in Challenging Skeletal Remains. Proceedings from Pittcon (Mar 2021).

Kari Graham, Javier Gomez, Todd Primm and Rachel Houston. Comparison of Nine Extraction Methods for Bacterial Identification using a Sequencer. Proceedings from Pittcon (Mar 2021).

Michael Truver, Gerd Jakobsson, Maria Chermà, Madeleine Swortwood, Henrik Gréen and Robert Kronstrand. A Sensitive LC-MS/MS Method for the Quantitation of Oxycodone, Noroxycodone, Oxymorphone, Noroxymorephone, 6a-oxycodol, and ß-oxycodol in Human Blood. Journal of Chromatography B, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2021.122625 (Mar 2021).

Alexandra Adeoye, Samantha Mehnert, J. Tyler Davidson and Glen Jackson. The Development of a Multivariate Mass Spectral Algorithm for the Identification of Seized Drugs. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Alia Hacker, J. Tyler Davidson and Glen Jackson. The Effect of Modifications to the Core Fentanyl Structure on the Observed Product Ion Spectra. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Amanda D’Orazio, Barry Logan, Amanda Mohr, Ayako Chan-Hosokawa, Curt Harper, Marilyn Huestis, Sarah Kerrigan, Jennifer Limoges, Laura Liddicoat, Amy Miles and Karen Scott. Recommendations for Drug Testing in Driving Under the Influence of Drugs (DUID) and Motor Vehicle Fatality Cases—2021 Update. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Carrie Polston and Patrick Buzzini. Digital Walkthrough of the Validation of a Method for Measuring Magnetic Flux of Toner-Printed Documents. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Clarra Moore and Patrick Buzzini. An Evaluation of Gray Value Measurements and Hyperspectral Imaging (HIS) as a Method for Differentiating Optical Characteristics of Porous-Tipped Ink Pens. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Christina Smith, Marlon Young and Madeleine Swortwood. Chiral Separation and Analysis of Methylphenidate, Ethylphenidate, and Ritalinic Acid in Blood by Liquid Chromatography/Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC/MS/MS). Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Curt Schuerman, Tim Kalafut, Clinton Buchanan, Joel Sutton, Jo-Anne Bright and Brian Higgins. How to Deal with Low Likelihood Ratios (LRs) in Mixed DNA Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Jennifer Kiely, Kate Lesciotto and Sheree Hughes. A Survey of Skeletal Trauma within the Southeast Texas Applied Forensic Science Collection: A Wealth of Research Opportunity. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Long-Term Stability Assessment of Fentanyl Analogs in Blood Using Liquid Chromatography/Quadrupole Time-Of-Flight/Mass Spectrometry (LC/QTOF/MS). Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Lucio Avellaneda, Ryan Gutierrez, Damani Johnson, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. The Development of a Five-Dye Insertion/Deletion (INDEL) Panel for Ancestry Determination. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Ruby Liliedahl and J. Tyler Davidson. The Differentiation of Synthetic Cathinone Isomers by Gas Chromatography/Electron Ionization/Mass Spectrometry (GC/EI/MS) and Multivariate Analysis. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Sarah Kerrigan, Ya-Chih Cheng, Chance Cline, Kay McClain and James Miller. The Results of an Interlaboratory Validation to Differentiate Marijuana from Hemp. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Sudhir Sinha, Andrew Loftus, Ryan Gutierrez, Clarra Krzykwa and Hiromi Brown. The Development of a DNA Extraction Method for Rootless Hair Shafts. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Tim Kalafut. Bayes’ Theorem, Forensic Science, and the Law: Long-Lost Relatives or Feuding Family? Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Ting-Yu Huang and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. The Application of Wavelet Transform and Transfer Learning for Gasoline Classification Using a Hand-Held Raman Spectrometer. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Ya-Chih Cheng and Sarah Kerrigan. The Differentiation of Hemp from Marijuana Using a Qualitative Decision-Point Assay. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Ya-Chih Cheng, Madeline Roman and Rachel Houston. An Evaluation of Hotspot Chloroplast Regions to Differentiate Crop Type and Biogeographical Origin of Cannabis Sativa. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

Ya-Chih Cheng and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of the trnK-matK-trnK, ycf3, and accD-psal Chloroplast Regions to Differentiate Crop Type and Biogeographical Origin of Cannabis sativa. International Journal of Legal Medicine, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1007/s00414-021-02518-x (Feb 2021).

Victoria Pieczynski, Celestina Rossi and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. The Visualization of Seminal Stains on Dark Textiles. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2021).

2020

Michael Truver, Gerd Jakobsson, Maria Chermà, Madeleine Swortwood, Henrik Gréen and Robert Kronstrand. The Quantification of Oxycodone and its Phase I and II Metabolites in Urine. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1093/jat/bkaa186 (Dec 2020).

J. Tyler Davidson, Zachary Sasiene and Glen Jackson. Comparison of In-source Collision-induced Dissociation and Beam-type Collision-induced Dissociation of Emerging Synthetic Drugs using a High-resolution Quadrupole Time-of-Flight (Q-TOF) Mass Spectrometer. Journal of Mass Spectrometry, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1002/jms.4679 (Nov 2020).

Indika Warnakula, Afshin Ebrahimpour, Sun Yu Li, Ramesha Ralalage, Chathuranga Hewa-Rahinduwage, Márton Kiss, Christian Rios, Kyler Kelley, Ashley Whiteman, David Thompson, Gary Rockwood and Ilona Petrikovics. Evaluation of the Long-Term Storage Stability of the Cyanide Antidote: Dimethyl Trisulfide and Degradation Product Identification. ACS Omega, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1021/acsomega.0c03208 (Oct 2020).

Madeline Roman, David Gangitano, Alejandra Figueroa, Jaime Solano, Leonardo Anaabalón and Rachel Houston. Use of Eucalyptus DNA Profiling in a Case of Illegal Logging. Journal of Science & Justice, Epub ahead of print DOI:10.1016/j.scijus.2020.09.005 (Oct 2020).

Robert Pitts, Mingkui Wei, Jorn Yu and Alicia Rairden. Empirical Comparison of DSLRs and Smartphone Cameras for Latent Prints Photography. WIREs Forensic Science, Epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1002/wfs2.1391(Sept 2020).

Christina Smith, Svante Vikingsson, Robert Kronstrand and Madeleine Gates. Chiral Separation and Quantitation of Methylphenidate, Ethylphenidate and Ritalinic Acid using Supercritical Fluid Chromatography. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2020).

Jessica Ayala and Sarah Kerrigan. Efficacy of Sample Preparation Techniques on Whole Blood Prior to High-Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRMS) Drug Screening. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2020).

Sun Yi Li, Christina Smith, Sarah Bartock, Leland McClure, Les Edinboro and Madeleine Gates. Evaluation of Alcohol Markers in Urine and Oral Fluid after Kombucha Consumption. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Sept 2020).

Patrick Buzzini and James Curran. Interpreting Trace Evidence in Handbook of Trace Evidence Analysis. Ed. By Vincent Desiderio, Chris Taylor and Niamh NicDaéid, 1st edition, Chichester: Wiley (Sept 2020).

Ryan Gutierrez, Michelle Harrell, Sheree Hughes, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. Moving Forward: Applying Massively Parallel Sequencing to Achieve Mitochondrial Sequencing Results. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2020).

Amanda Jenkins and Madeleine Gates. Hallucinogens and Psychedelics in Principles of Forensic Toxicology. Ed. by Barry Levine and Sarah Kerrigan, 5th edition, Zurich: Springer International (Aug 2020).

Emily Fairbanks, Jennifer Turner, Junkun Ma and Jorn Yu. Development of a Novel Finger-Trigger Interface for Trigger Pull Measurement. Journal of Forensic Science, epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1111/1556-4029.14538 (Aug 2020).

Jessica Cheng, Madeline Roman and Rachel Houston. Genetic Differentiation of Marijuana and Hemp. Proceedings from the Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (Aug 2020).

Patrick Buzzini and Sarah Kerrigan. Statistics for Forensic Toxicology in Principles of Forensic Toxicology. Ed. by Barry Levine and Sarah Kerrigan, 5th edition, Zurich: Springer International (Aug 2020).

Ryan Gutierrez, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. Alternative Processing Techniques for Highly Degraded Samples. Proceedings from the Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (Aug 2020).

Andra Lewis, Chris Palenik, Skip Palenik and Patrick Buzzini. The Differentiation of Macroscopically Similar Black Fibers through Characterization of Nylanthrene Dyes using UV-Visible Microspectrophotometry and Thin Layer Chromatography. Proceedings from the Center for Forensic Research and Education's Online Trace Symposium (Jul 2020).

Britni Skillman and Sarah Kerrigan. CYP450-Mediated Metabolism of Suvorexant and Investigation of Metabolites in Forensic Case Specimens. Forensic Science International, 312:110307 (Jul 2020).

Britni Skillman and Sarah Kerrigan. Drug-Mediated Ion Suppression and Mitigation of Interferences Using Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole/Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry (LC-Q/TOF-MS) and Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). Journal of Chromatography B, epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.chromb.2020.122265 (Jul 2020).

Erin Karschner, Madeleine Swortwood-Gates, and Marilyn Huestis. Identifying and Quantifying Cannabinoids in Biological Matrices in the Medical and Legal Cannabis Era. Clinical Chemistry, 66(7), 888-914 (Jul 2020).

Madeline Roman and Rachel Houston. Investigation of Chloroplast Regions rps16 and clplP for Determination of Cannabis sativa Crop Type and Biogeographical Original. Legal Medicine, epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.legalmed.2020.101759 (Jul 2020).

Melissa Rae Garcia, Madeleine Swortwood, Christine Nicole Aune and Kaashif Aqeeb Ahmad. Maternal Poppy Seed Tea Ingestion and Ensuing Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome. Neonatology, epub ahead of print DOI:10.1159/000508446 (Jul 2020).

Morgan Carpenter and Patrick Buzzini. On the Effect of Data Fusion Methods for the Classification of Colored Automotive Paint Mixtures using Visible Microspectrophotometry and Raman Spectroscopy. Proceedings from the Center for Forensic Research and Education's Online Trace Symposium (Jul 2020).

Michael Baumann, Nancy Garibay, Michael Truver, Christina Smith and Madeleine Swortwood. Pharmacodynamic Effects, Pharmacokinetics, and Metabolism of the Novel Synthetic Opioid, U-47700, in Male Rates. Proceedings from the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (Jun 2020).

Michael Truver, Christina Smith, Nancy Garibay, Theresa Kopajtic, Madeleine Swortwood and Michael Baumann. Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetcs of the Novel Synthic Opioid, U-47700, in Male Rats. Neuropharmacology, epub ahead of print DOI: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2020.108195 (Jun 2020).

Blake Young, Madeline Roman, Bobby LaRue, David Gangitano and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of 19 Short Tandem Repeat Markers for Individualization of Papaver somniferum. Science & Justice, 60(3), 253-262 (May 2020).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. CYP450-Mediated Metabolism of Mitragynine and Investigation of Metabolites in Human Urine. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 44(4), 301-313 (May 2020).

Stephanie Basiliere, Justin Brower, Laura Friederich, Ruth Winecker and Sarah Kerrigan. Identification of Five Mitragyna Alkaloids in Blood and Tissue using Liquid Chromatography-Quadrupole/Time of Flight Mass Spectrometry. Forensic Toxicology, 38, 420-435 (May 2020).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. Temperature and pH-Dependent Stability of Mitragyna Alkaloids. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 44(4), 314-324 (May 2020).

Britni Skillman and Sarah Kerrigan. Identification of Suvorexant in Blood Using LC-MS/MS: Important Considerations for Matrix Effects and Quantitative Interferences in Targeted Assays. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 44(3), 245-255 (Apr 2020).

Michael Truver and Madeleine Swortwood-Gates. Long-term Stability of Novel Synthetic Opioids in Blood. Forensic Science International, 308, 110175 (Mar 2020).

Michelle Harrel and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. A Powder-free DNA Extraction Workflow for Skeletal Samples. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 65(2), 601-609 (Mar 2020).

Esiri Tasker, Madeline Roman, Mary Kosile, Carrie Mayes, Sheree Hughes and Bobby LaRue. Efficacy of "touch" DNA Recovery and Room-temperature Storage from Assault Rifle Magazines. Legal Medicine (Tokyo), 43, 101658 (Mar 2020).

Jessica Lynn Ayala and Sarah Kerrigan. HRMS-based Drug Screening in Forensic Toxicology: Data Acquisition Comparison. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Reseach and Development Symposium at Pittcon (Mar 2020).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. Identification of Metabolites and Potential Biomarkers of Kratom in Urine. Journal of Chromatography B, 1140(1), 121971 (Mar 2020).

Andra Lewis, Chris Palenik, Skip Palenik and Patrick Buzzini. Characterization of Nylanthrene Dyes in the Differentiation of Macroscopically Similar Black Fibers using Light Microscopy and UV-Visible Microspectrophotometry. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Carrie Polston, Williams Mazzella and Patrick Buzzini. Investigating the Interlaboratory Reproducibility of Magnetic Flux Measurements of Toners. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Christina Smith and Madeleine Swortwood. Chiral Separation of Methylphenidate, Ethylphenidate, and Ritalinic Acid in Blood. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Coral Loockerman, Sheree Hughes-Stamm and Rachel Houston. Direct Polymerase Chain Reaction Using MicroFLOQ® Direct Swabs with a Modified Qiagen® Investigator 24plex GO! Protocol from Decomposing Human Remains for Disaster Victim Identification Applications. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Jessica Ayala and Sarah Kerrigan. Comparison of Data Acquisition Methods for High Resolution Mass Spectrometry Drug Screening. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Madeline Roman, Ryan Gutierrez, Carrie Mayes, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of the Investigator® 26plex QS STR Kit and Comparison with Two Commercially Available STR Kits. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Madison Schackmuth and Sarah Kerrigan. Physiochemical Characterization of 19 Fentalogs: Lipophilicity. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Morgan Carpenter and Patrick Buzzini. Data Fusion from Spectroscopic Techniques for the Discrimination of Colored Automotive Paint Mixtures. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Norris Li and Jorn Yu. An Advanced Extraction Method for Cyanide Metabolite Using Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes Facilitated Dispersive Micro Solid Phase Extraction. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Ryan Gutierrez and Bobby LaRue. DNA Profiling of Rootless Hair Shafts Utilizing Massively Parallel Sequencing and Bi-Allelic Assays. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Ryan Gutierrez, LeAnn Michelle Harrel, Sheree Hughes-Stamm, Rachel Houston and Bobby LaRue. Mitochondrial Analysis of Challenging Samples Utilizing the ForenSeq™ mtDNA Control Region Solution on the MiSeq FGx. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. Identification of Mitragyna Alkaloids and Metabolites as Biomarkers of Kratom Use in Postmortem Urine Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2020).

Michael Truver, Shimpei Watanabe, Anna Åstrand, Svante Vikingsson, Henrik Green, Madeleine Swortwood and Robert Kronstrand. 5F-MDMB-PICA Metabolite Identification and Cannabinoid Receptor Activity. Drug Test Analysis, 12(1), 127-135 (Jan 2020).

2019

Colin Aitken, Ya-Ting Chang, Patrick Buzzini, Grzegorz Zadora and Genevieve Massonnet. The Evaluation of Evidence for Microspectrophotometry Data using Functional Data Analysis. Forensic Science International, 305, 110007 (Dec 2019).

Michele Di Nunzio, Rachel Houston, Madeline Roman, Ciro Di Nunzio, David Gangitano and Carme Barro-Feixat. European Validation of a Cannabis sativa 13-locus STR Multiplex Kit for Genetic Identification: A Preliminary Study. Forensic Science International: Genetics Supplement Series, 7(1), 224-226 (Dec 2019).

Jonna Berry, Ashley Gilbert and Justin Grodnitzky. Cases of Kava Impairment in Iowa Drivers. Journal of Forensic Sciences, 64(6), 1943-1949 (Nov 2019).

Kyleen Elwick, Magdalena Bus, Jonathan King, Joseph Change, Sheree Hughes-Stamm and Bruce Budowle. Utility of the Ion S5™ and MiSeq FGx™ Sequencing Platforms to Characterize Challenging Human Remains. Legal Medicine, 41, 101623 (Nov 2019).

Madeline Roman, David Gangitano and Rachel Houston. Characterization of New Chloroplast Markers to Determine Biogeographical Origin and Crop Type of Cannabis sativa. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 133(6), 1721-1732 (Nov 2019).

Britni Skillman and Sarah Kerrigan. Comparison of Physiochemical Properties of Suvorexant and Quantitative Results using Authentic Samples. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Oct 2019).

Kelsey Duxbury and Madeleine Swortwood. Comparison of Extraction Methods for Novel Synthetic Opioids. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Oct 2019).

Madeline Roman, David Gangitano and Rachel Houston. Development of Cannabis sativa Autosomal and Organelle Genotyping Methods for Forensic and Intelligence Purposes. Proceedings from the Southeastern Regional Meeting of the American Chemical Society (Oct 2019).

Michael Truver, Ashley Gilbert and Madeleine Swortwood. Long-Term Stability of Novel Synthetic Opioids in Blood. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Oct 2019).

Michael Truver, Shimpei Watanabe, Anna Åstrand, Svante Vikingsson, Henrik Green, Madeleine Swortwood and Robert Kronstrand. 5F-MDMB-PINACA and 5F- MDMB-PICA Metabolite Identification and Cannabinoid Receptor Activity. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Oct 2019).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. Stability of Mitragynine and 7- Hydroxymitragynine. Proceedings from the Society of Forensic Toxicologists (Oct 2019).

Patrick Buzzini, Brooke Kammrath and Peter De Forest. Trace Evidence? The Term Trace from Adjective to Noun. WIREs Forensic Science, 1(5), e1342 (Sept/Oct 2019).

Charia Talia, Panagotis Filis, N. Walker, Ugo Soffientini, Baltasar Lucendo-Villarin, Alex Douglas, David Hay, Sophie Shaw, John Iredale, Madeleine Swortwood, Marilyn Huestis, Michelle Bellingham, B. van der Burg, Lisa Connolly, Peter O'Shaughnessy, Paul Fowler. Hepatic IGF Signaling is Dysregulated by in utero Exposure to Maternal Smoking. Proceedings from the Congress of the European Societies of Toxicology (Sept 2019), Helsinki, Finland.

Coral Loockerman, Sheree Hughes-Stamm and Rachel Houston. Direct PCR using microFLOQä Direct Swabs with a Modified QIAGEN Investigator 24plex GO! Protocol from Decomposing Human Remains for DVI Applications. Proceedings from the International Society of Forensic Genetics (Sept 2019), Prague, Czech Republic.

Coral Loockerman, Sheree Hughes-Stamm and Rachel Houston. A Modified Direct PCR Protocol for DVI Applications using microFLOQ® Direct Swabs from Decomposing Human Remains Coupled with the Qiagen Investigator 24plex GO! Kit. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2019).

Esiri Tasker, Carrie Mayes, Bobby LaRue and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. Collection and Direct Amplification Methods using the GlobalFiler™ Kit for DNA Recovered from Common Pipe Bomb Substrates. Science & Justice, 59(5), 580-584 (Sept 2019).

Jessica Winborn and Sarah Kerrigan. Stability and Hydrolysis of Desomorphine- Glucuronide. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 43(7), 536-542 (Sept 2019).

Madeline Roman, Michele Di Nunzio, Rachel Houston, Bobby LaRue and David Gangitano. Characterization of New Chloroplast Polymorphisms to Determine Biogeographical Origin and Crop Type of Cannabis sativa Samples. Proceedings from the International Society of Forensic Genetics (Sept 2019), Prague, Czech Republic.

Madeline Roman, Ryan Gutierrez, Carrie Mayes, Bobby LaRue and Rachel Houston. Evaluation of the Investigator® 26plex QS STR Kit and Comparison with Two Commercially Available STR Kits. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2019).

Michael Truver, Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Oral Fluid and Drug Impairment: Pairing Toxicology with Drug Recognition Expert Observations. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 43(8), 637-643 (Sept 2019).

Michelle Harrel, Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Amy Sorensen Holmes, Ryan Gutierrez and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. Effectiveness of STR Quality Sensors to Inform Rework Strategies for Challenging Database and Casework Samples using a Semi-Automated Workflow. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2019).

Ryan Gutierrez and Bobby LaRue. Alternative DNA Profiling Strategies for Rootless Hair Shafts. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2019).

Ryan Gutierrez, Madeline Roman, Michelle Harrel, Sheree Hughes-Stamm, Rachel Houston and Bobby LaRue. Improved Mitochondrial Control Region Analysis of Degraded Bone and Hair Samples for the Miseq FGX. Proceedings from the International Symposium on Human Identification (Sept 2019).

Carrie Polston, David Thompson, Patrick Buzzini, Yuriy Agalidii and Arif Mamedov. Assessing the Impacts of Induction Spatial Effects on Magnetic Flux Measurements of Toners. Proceedings from the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (Aug 2019).

Clarra Moore and Patrick Buzzini. Analysis of Colored Felt-tipped Blending Marker Ink using Gray Value Measurements of Visual Spectral Data. Proceedings from the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (Aug 2019).

Michelle Harrel, Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Amy Sorensen Holmes, Ryan Gutierrez and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. Evaluation of a Semi-Automated Workflow and Effectiveness of STR Quality Sensors to Inform Rework Strategies for Challenging Database and Casework Samples. Proceedings from the Association of Forensic DNA Analysts and Administrators (Aug 2019).

Patrick Buzzini, James Curran and Carrie Polston. The Classification of Raman Patterns of Inkjet Printer Inks: Comparing Visual Inspection and Different Variants of Linear Indiscriminant Analysis Methods. Proceedings from the American Society of Questioned Document Examiners (Aug 2019).

Andra Lewis, Justin Day and Patrick Buzzini. Conceptualization of Assessing the Evidential Value of Vehicular Transmission Fluids, Brake Fluids, and Lubricating Greases. Proceedings from the Inter/Micro Conference (Jun 2019).

Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Bobby LaRue, Sarah Seashols-Williams and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. The Application of Targeted mRNA Massively Parallel Sequencing for Body Fluid Identification on Challenging and Mock Casework-type Samples. Proceedings from the Human Identification Solutions (Jun 2019), Kobe, Japan.

Esiri Tasker, Carrie Mayes, and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. microFLOQ®: Collection and Direct Amplification Methods Using the GlobalFiler™ Kit from Common Pipe Bomb Substrates. Proceedings from the Human Identification Solutions (Jun 2019), Kobe, Japan.

Frank Qingzhong Liu and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. Differentiate Hemp and Non-hemp Cannabis by Headspace Cannabinoid Analysis.  Proceedings from the Forensic Science Research Innovation to Implementation Symposium (NIST) (Jun 2019).

Jessica Winborn and Sarah Kerrigan. Analysis of Desomorphine in Urine Using Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 43(5), 340-345 (Jun 2019).

Patrick Buzzini, James Curran and Carrie Polston. The Classification of Raman Patterns of Inkjet Printer Inks: Comparing Visual Inspection and Different Variants of Linear Discriminant Analysis Methods. Proceedings from the Inter/Micro Conference (Jun 2019).

Patrick Buzzini, Meggan King, Sebastian Sparenga and Gary Laughlin. An Update on the Effect of Ultraviolet Radiation on the Degradation of Dyed Fibers as a Function of Time using UV-Vis Microspectrophotometry. Proceedings from the Inter/Micro Conference (Jun 2019).

Britni Skillman and Sarah Kerrigan. Side-by-Side Comparison of LC-Q/TOF-MS and LC-MS/MS Validation Parameters for the Detection of Suvorexant in Blood. Proceedings from the Southwestern Association of Toxicologists (May 2019).

Madeleine Swortwood. Oral Fluid Workshop - From the Roadside to the Courtroom. Proceedings from the SOFT Continuing Education Regional Workshop (May 2019).

Madison Schackmuth and Sarah Kerrigan. Immunoassay-based Detection of Fentanyl Analogs in Forensic Toxicology. Proceedings from the Southwestern Association of Toxicologists (May 2019).

Michelle Harrel, David Gangitano and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. The Effects of Extra PCR Cycles When Amplifying Skeletal Samples with the GlobalFlier PCR Amplification Kit. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 133(3), 745-750 (May 2019).

Christina Smith, Michael Truver and Madeleine Swortwood. Quantification of U-47700 and its Metabolites in Plasma by LC-MS/MS. Journal of Chromatography B,1:1112, 41-47 (Apr 2019).

Jennifer Kiely and Joan Bytheway. The Effects of Fire on the Human Body. Proceedings from the Wisconsin Association of Homicide Investigators (Apr 2019).

Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Data-independent Screening Method for 14 Fentanyl Analogs in Whole Blood and Oral Fluid Using LC-QTOF-MS. Forensic Science International, 297, 189-197 (Apr 2019).

Aikaterini Zafeiri, Panagiotis Filis, Sophie Shaw, John Iredale, Madeleine Swortwood, Rod Mitchell, David Hay, Peter O'Shaughnessy and Paul Fowler. Maternal Smoking during Pregnancy and Changes in Prostaglandin Enzymes in the Human Fetus. Proceedings from the Society for Reproductive Investigation Annual Scientific Meeting (Mar 2019), Paris, France.

Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Bobby LaRue, Sarah Seashols-Williams and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. Evaluating the Stability and Persistence of mRNA and miRNA for Body Fluid Identification in Forensic Samples. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Research and Development Symposium at Pittcon (Mar 2019).

Carrie Mayes, Rachel Houston, Sarah Seashols-Williams, Bobby LaRue and Sheree Hughes-Stamm.  The Stability and Persistence of Blood and Semen mRNA and miRNA Targets for Body Fluid Identification in Environmentally Challenged and Laundered Samples. Legal Medicine (Tokyo), 38, 45-50 (Mar 2019).

Michael Truver and Madeleine Swortwood. Drug Impairment: Pairing Toxicology with Drug Recognition Expert Observations. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Research and Development Symposium at Pittcon (Mar 2019).

Stephanie Basiliere and Sarah Kerrigan. Identification of Mitragynine and its Metabolites Using High Resolution Mass Spectrometry. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Reseach and Development Symposium at Pittcon (Mar 2019).

Sun Yi Li, Ilona Petrikovics and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. Application of Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes Facilitated Dispersive Micro Solid Phase Extraction of the Cyanide Metabolite (2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid) in Biological Samples. Proceedings from the Society of Toxicology (Mar 2019).

Sun Yi Li, Ilona Petrikovics and Jorn (Chi Chung) Yu. Development of Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes for Dispersive Micro Solid Phase Extraction of the Cyanide Metabolite, 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid, in Biological Samples. Journal of Chromatography B, 1109, 67-75 (Mar 2019).

Andra Lewis. Crime Scene Reconstruction Based on the Interpretation of Physical Evidence. Proceedings from the Association of Crime Scene Reconstruction (Feb 2019).

Ashley Gilbert, Justin Grodnitzky and Jonna Berry. Kava Impairment in Drivers. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Carrie Polston, David Thompson and Patrick Buzzini. Assessing the Impacts of Induction Spatial Effects on Magnetic Flux Measurements of Toners. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Clarra Moore and Patrick Buzzini. Evaluation of Gray Value Measurements of Visual Spectral Data to the Characterization of Alcohol-based Inks from Colored Felt-tipped Blending Markers. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Esiri Tasker, Carrie Mayes, and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. microFLOQ®: Collection and Direct Amplification Methods Using the GlobalFiler™ Kit for DNA Recovered From Common Pipe Bomb Components. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Jessica Winborn and Sarah Kerrigan. Quantitative Analysis of Desomorphine in Blood and Urine Using Solid Phase Extraction and Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry. Journal of Chromatography B, 1106-1107, 43-49 (Feb 2019).

Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. A Chemical Analysis of Controlled Substances Using Automated Headspace Solid-Phase Microextraction-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Research and Development Symposium at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. Liquid Chromatography/Quadrupole Time-of-Flight (LC-QTOF) Screening for Fentanyl Analogs in Whole Blood and Oral Fluid. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

LeAnn Michelle Harrel and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. A Faster, Easier, and More Effective Bone Processing Method for DNA Analysis. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Madeline Roman, Rachel Houston, Bobby LaRue and David Gangitano. The Characterization of New Chloroplast Markers to Determine the Biogeographical Origin and Crop Type of Cannabis sativa Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Madison Schackmuth, Patrick Buzzini and Darren Williams. In Silico Simulation of Fentalog Raman Spectra. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Meggan King, Sebastian Sparenga, Gary Laughlin and Patrick Buzzini. The Effect of Ultraviolet Radiation on the Microspectrophotometry (MSP) of Dyed Textile Fibers: Spectral Alteration Categories. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Michael Truver, Kaitlyn Palmquist and Madeleine Swortwood. The Detection and Quantification of Synthetic Opioids in Oral Fluid. Proceedings from the NIJ Forensic Science Research and Development Symposium at the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Morgan Carpenter and William Davis. The Determination of Weathering Levels of Gasoline Using Various Methods of Analysis. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Patrick Buzzini, James Curran and Carrie Polston. The Classification of Raman Patterns from Inkjet Printer Inks Using Visual Comparisons of Spectra and Different Statistical Methods. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Rachel Houston, Carrie Mayes, Jonathan King, Sheree Hughes-Stamm and David Gangitano. Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) of 12 Autosomal Short Tandem Repeats (STRs) in Cannabis sativa. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Sun Yi Li and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. The Development of Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes (Mag-CNT) for Dispersive Solid Phase Extraction (Dspe) of Cyanide Metabolite (2-Aminothiazoline-4-Carboxylic Acid) in Biological Samples. Proceedings from the American Academy of Forensic Sciences (Feb 2019).

Jaime Solano, Leonardo Anabalón, Sylvia Figueroa, Cristian Lizama, Luis Chávez Reyes and David Gangitano. Psychedelic Fungus (Psilocybe sp.) Authentication in a Case of Illegal Drug Traffice: Sporological, Molecular Analysis and Identification of the Psychoactive Substance. Science & Justice, 59(1), 102-108 (Jan 2019).

Janna Lowry, Michael Truver and Madeleine Swortwood. Quantification of Seven Novel Synthetic Opioids in Blood Using LC-MS/MS. Forensic Toxicology, 37(1), 215-223 (Jan 2019).

Madison Schackmuth and Sarah Kerrigan. Immunoassay-Based Detection of Fentanyl Analogs in Forensic Toxicology. Forensic Toxicology, 37(1), 231-237 (Jan 2019).

Sun Yi Li, Ilona Petrikovics and Jorn Chi-Chung Yu. The Potential Use of 2-aminothiazoline-4-carboxylic acid (ATCA) as a Forensic Marker for Cyanide Exposure in Medicolegal Death Investigation: A Review. Forensic Science Review, 31(1), 45-58 (Jan 2019).

Xiangpei Zeng, Kyleen Elwick, Carrie Mayes, Maiko Takahashi, Jonathan King, David Gangitano, Bruce Budowle and Sheree Hughes-Stamm. Assessment of Impact of DNA Extraction Methods on Analysis of Human Remain Samples on Massively Parallel Sequencing Success. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 133(1), 51-58 (Jan 2019).